What are cocoa trees?
- A native of Central and South America, cocoa trees are quite small in height, ranging from 12 – 15 meters. These trees bear pods within 2-3 years. Cocoa pods can range from 100 mm to 350 mm in length and its seeds (cocoa beans) are used to make chocolate.
How many beans are in a cocoa pod?
- There are roughly 30-45 beans in one cocoa pod.
Where were the first cocoa plantations established?
- The Mayans were known to have established the first cocoa plantations around 600 AD, in south Yucatan.
When was the first milk chocolate made and by whom?
- In 1875 Daniel Peter was the first to make milk chocolate in Switzerland.
Which country is the largest producer of cocoa?
- Ivory Coast, located in West Africa, produces approximately 40 percent of the world’s cocoa. Ghana is the world’s second largest producer.
When was cocoa first introduced to Ghana?
- Cocoa was first introduced in 1876 by Tetteh Quarshie, a Ghanaian agriculturalist. Today, the cocoa crop is a major export for the Ghanaian economy.
When was the first white chocolate made?
- Made from only milk powder, sugar, and cocoa butter, white chocolate was first produced in 1930.
What are the three major cocoa growing regions in the world?
- West Africa, South East Asia, and South America.
Information sourced from: “The Science of Chocolate” by Stephen T Beckett. If you are interested in learning more about chocolate, we highly recommend this book!